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    Course Title

     
    Course Description:
     
    This class is an introduction into the study of children from conception through age four.  Developmental areas studied will include the physical, emotional, social, intellectual and moral.  In addition, the course will include child development theories, parenting, prenatal development, nutrition, child abuse and an awareness of careers involving children.  The skills and creative techniques learned will serve as a basic foundation for working with children in a preschool setting. 
     
    Enduring Understandings:
    Explain the best way to learn about children.
    Summarize how children learn and develop important skills.
    Determine why observation is important in the study of child development
    Describe the areas of responsibilities for parents.
    Summarize the qualities that contribute to building a strong family.
    Describe the different family structures.
    Discuss the trends affecting families.
    List the basic categories of children's needs.
    Identify the three parenting styles.
    Summarize effective ways to guide children's behavior.
    Outline what occurs during each of the three stages of prenatal development.
    Summarize the hazards that alcohol and other drugs pose to prenatal development.
    Assess why environmental hazards must be avoided during pregnancy.
    Identify early signs of pregnancy.
    Explain the importance of proper nutrition during pregnancy.
    Describe why parents need to develop a budget.
    Identify ways expectant parents can prepare for the birth of their child.
    Compare and contrast the options for the delivery of a baby.
    Describe the progression of labor.
    List the factors that can contribute to a premature birth.
    Describe a newborn's appearance immediately after birth.
    Identify the exams and procedures given to a newborn in the first few days.
    Summarize the physical and emotional needs of the mother.
    Relate the milestones of growth and development during a baby’s first year
    Point out the working memory of the brain and how it works
    Support methods for handling and feeding an infant
    Recommend the skills to meet an infant’s physical needs
    Relate the importance of attachment and loving care
    Compare and contrast the different temperaments
    Evaluate how children learn behavior
    Summarize infants’ emotional and social development
    Relate Jean Piaget’s stages of learning
    Recommend developmentally appropriate toys
    Point out the process of learning language
    Distinguish the difference between small and large motor skills
    Evaluate care of the one to three year old including nutrition, hygiene, sleep and toilet training
    Summarize general patterns of emotional and social development in the one to three year olds
    Appraise the importance of a positive self-concept and ways it can be nurtured
    Relate how play develops
    Recommend general guidance techniques and how to promote sharing
    Distinguish methods of learning and how children develop an understanding of concepts
    Critique Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligences
    Recommend ways to encourage children to learn
    Infer how children develop speech
    Identify categories of disabilities
    Identify four major types of maltreatment
    Summarize common reasons behind child abuse and maltreatment
    Explain what can be done to prevent child abuse 

    Essential Questions:
    What are the benefits of studying child development?
    What is the importance of families?
    What are the ways of guiding children’s behavior?
    What are the factors to consider in selecting child care?
    What is the normal development process of babies before birth?
    What are the hazards that can interfere with normal development?
    What are the benefits of healthful prenatal food choices?
    What are the recommended nutrient intakes for the student?  In pregnancy?
    How do you interpret nutrition labels?
    What preparations should prospective parents make before birth?
    What is the process by which a baby is born?
    What care does a newborn require?
    How does a child grow and develop physically during the first year of life?
    How does a child grow emotionally and socially during the first year of life?
    How does a child grow intellectually?
    What are the responsibilities involved in the care of a baby from birth to age one?
    What are the factors contributing to childhood obesity?
    How does a child grow and develop physically from one to three?
    What care is needed for a child from one to three?
    How does a child grow emotionally and socially from one to three?
    How does a child grow intellectually from one to three?
    How do we encourage learning in a child from one to three?
    How does a child grow and develop physically during the first year of life?
    How does a child grow emotionally and socially during the first year of life?
    How does a child grow intellectually?
    What are the responsibilities involved in the care of a baby from birth to age one?
    What are the factors contributing to childhood obesity?
    How does a child grow and develop physically from one to three?
    What care is needed for a child from one to three?
    How does a child grow emotionally and socially from one to three?
    How does a child grow intellectually from one to three?
    How do we encourage learning in a child from one to three?
    What is the importance of early intervention when a child is faced with special needs?
    What is the primary purpose of IDEA?
    Who is served by IDEA?
    How are parents' rights protected under IDEA?
    What are the four types of child abuse?
    Who is a mandated reporter and what are they required to do when they suspect child abuse?
    Why are crisis nurseries important?
    Who is most likely to abuse a child? 
     
    Course Academic Vocabulary:
    Unit 1:
    Heredity Open Adoption Guidance
    Environment Nuclear Family Self-Discipline
    Parenting Blended Family Positive Reinforcement
    Emotional Maturity Legal Guardian Negative Reinforcement
    Confidential Adoption Parenting Style  
     
    Unit 2:
    Ovum Uterus Fallopian Tube
    Conception Chromosome Infertility
    Infertility Prenatal Development Zygote
    Embryo Amniotic Fluid Placenta
    Umbilical Cord Fetus Miscarriage
    Stillbirth Ultrasound Amniocentesis
    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome SIDS Toxoplasmosis
    Obstetrician Gestational Diabetes Preeclampsia
    Pediatrician Labor Delivery
    Cervix Dilate Cesarean Birth
    Fontanel Lanugo Vernix
    Apgar Scale Neonatal Bonding
    Colostrum Postpartum Depression Shaken Baby Syndrome
     
    Unit 3:
    Developmental milestone Growth Chart Temperament
    Stimulating environment Reflex Social Development
    Gross motor skills Emotional Development Cause and Effect
    Fine motor skills Attachment Stranger Anxiety
    Hand-eye coordination Failure to Thrive Attention Span
    Concept Sensorimotor Period Object Permanence
    Symbolic Thinking Age Appropriate Childproof
     
    Unit 4:
    Toddler Preschooler Sensory Integration
    Developmentally Appropriate Sphincter Muscle Empathy
    Self-Concept Parallel Play Cooperative Play
    Autonomy Incidental Learning Trial-and-Error Learning
    Imitation Directed Learning  
     
    Unit 5:
    Learning Disability ADHD Mental Retardation
    Autism Inclusion Mandated Reporter
    Crisis Nursery  
     
     
     
     
     
    Course Units / Topics of Study:
    Unit 1:  Learn About Children, Responsibilities of Parenting, Building Strong Families
    Unit 2:  Prenatal Development, Preparing for Birth, The Baby's Arrival
    Unit 3: The Baby’s First Year
    Unit 4: The Child from One to Three
    Unit 5:  Special Challenges: (Children with Special Needs, Childhood Obesity and Child Abuse and Neglect)