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    Course Title: Sophomore Physical Education

    Course Description:
    This course is designed to expose all sophomore students to various team and individual sports.  Instruction will focus on strategies, and rules as it pertains to each sport. The students will  create an IFP (individual fitness plan) and assess their progress during the semester. The students will be trained in AHA CPR and will be eligible to earn their CPR certification if they meet the criteria.  The cost of a CPR card is $2.00.  In addition, students will participate in various fitness activities, on Tuesdays and Thursdays.  Fitness components include flexibility, strength, muscular endurance, cardiovascular endurance,speed, agility, which will be tested periodically. 
    Enduring Understandings:
    Teamwork is essential for successful results.
    All sports require practice to achieve muscle memory.
    Proper technique is essential when participating in sports.
    Proper hydration allows the body to perform at its potential.
    Body balance is critical to successful athletic performance.
    Critical thinking sport strategies must be learned to be successful.
    A basic knowledge of sport rules is essential to participation.
    Physical effort and positive attitude can overcome a lack of skill. 

    Essential Questions:
    Why is physical fitness important?
    What is your personal target heart rate? How is it calculated?
    How many days of physical activity is recommended?
    How many minutes of aerobic physical activity is recommended daily?
    What does a core workout consist of?
    What does an aerobic workout consist of?
    What is the FITT principle?
    What are the 5 health components of fitness and the 6 skill related fitness components?
    What is a normal blood pressure reading?
    What are the proper steps used for CPR? Can you demonstrate the proper skills of CPR?
    What is an AED and how is it used?
    Why is bi-lateral breathing used?
    What is the stroke order for the Idividual Medley?
    Can you demonstrate proper technique for  freestyle and backstroke?
    Can you demonstrate the mechanics for  freestyle and backstroke?  
    Can you demonstrate backhand, forehand, and overhand tennis serve?
    How do you keep score in tennis?
    Can you demonstrate a drop shot, smash, drive and underhand serve in badminton?
    Can you demonstrate the strategy of shot selection during  a game?
    How do you keep score in a badminton game for singles and doubles? 
    How does a floor hockey game start?
    What is the proper technique for stick handling?
    What are the basic positions in hockey?
    Course Academic Vocabulary:
    Chest compressions, unresponsive, chain of survival, 30 to 2, mask, compression depth, landmark/hand position, AED, rate of compressions, head-tilt chin lift,
    body scan, xiphoid process
    Freestyle, Backstroke, Breaststroke, Sidestroke, Elementary backstroke, Treading water, Individual medley, Medley relay, Bi-lateral breathing 
    Resting, Working & Recovery Heart rate, Core, BMI, BMR, Overload, Specificity, & Progression principles, Maximum Heart rate formula, Target Heart Rate,
    Cardio-respiratory Endurance, Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance, Flexibility, Body Composition, FITT Principle,
    Volley, fault, lob, volley, forehand, backhand, rally let, deuce
    Drop shot, smash, overhead clear,drive, service line
    Floor Hockey 
    Faceoff, crease, Positions: goalie, defensemen, forward (center, left & right wing); Penalties: slashing, checking, roughing;off-sides, high sticking 
    Course Units / Topics of Study:
    IEP (Individual fitness plan), CPR, Braveway Self-defense, Swimming, Tennis/Badminton, Floor Hockey
    Fitness Components - Muscular Endurance, Muscular Strength, Body Composition, Flexibility, Cardiovascular Endurance