BHS: 616 W. Main Street • Barrington, IL 60010

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Biology, Investigations of Biology

 
Course Description

Biology:
This course meets the life science requirement for graduation. This is an introductory course which introduces the student to the major concepts in biology. Ecology, cell biology, heredity, evolution, diversity of plants and animals, animal behavior and human values in science are the major concepts examined. The course uses laboratory investigations, discussions, lectures, reading, special assignments and homework, both on the individual and cooperative levels, as ways to learn these concepts. The course is designed for the average and above average student with a sophomore reading level.
 
Investigations of Biology:
This course meets the life science requirement for graduation. This is an introductory course which introduces students to the major concepts in biology. Students will investigate topics that include ecology, cell biology, heredity, evolution, diversity of plants and animals and human values in science. The course uses laboratory investigations, discussions, lectures, reading and cooperative work to learn these concepts
 
Enduring Understandings
Humans are a part of the ecological system not apart from it.
Both living and non-living factors interact to creat the current environment.
Complex systems can be studied by looking at simple systems and making reasonable inferences.
A healthy cell is critical for a healthy organism.
Structure is the foundation for determining the function of a cell.
Organisms are composed of cells, which are the basic units of structure and function in all living things.
Cells use distinct and separate structures to perform chemical processes essential towards maintaining homeostasis.
DNA stores the information necessary to transfer hereditary information within and between organisms.
Chromosomal and environmental interactions determine and organism's characteristics.
Genetic variability and plasticity drives evolutionary change.
Selection is not forward thinking, it is what's successful  now.
Evolution is an ongoing process.
Classification schemes reflect evolutionary history.
 
Essential Questions
- How do humans impact the environment?
- What is the importance of energy and matter movement through an ecosystem?
- What is a healthy ecosystem?
- What impact does population growth have on the environment?
- What is a healthy cell?
- How can stem cells impact modern medicine?
- How can you determine the identity of an unknown cell?
- How do cells interact with their environment?
- What is the importance of healthy cell division?
- How does probability govern inheritance of characteristics?
- How do mutations affect an organism?
- Does evolution lead to the development of the perfect organism?
- How does fitness play a role in evolution?
- What role do humans play in the process of evolution?
- What is the best way to determine the evolutionary history pf a species?
 
Course Big Ideas
1. Observing the natural world can lead to an increased understanding of how humans fit into it.
2. Scientific inference results from combining scientific knowledge with scientific observation.
3. The natural world is regular and predictable.
4. Life functions as a complex system that exists at many different levels.
 
Course Academic Vocabulary
Scientific Method, Control Group, Experimental Group, Variables,

Trophic Levels, Producer, Consumer,  Decomposer,  Population, Community, Predation, Symbiosis, Macromolecules, Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration, Biodiversity, Succession,

Prokaryote, Eukaryote, Nucleus, Mitochondria, Chloroplast, Cell Membrane, Stem Cells,

Phospholipid, Passive Transport, Osmosis, Diffusion, Active Transport, Fluid-Mosaic Model,

Chromosome, Cell Cycle, Mitosis, Cytokinesis, Meiosis, Crossing Over, Homologous Chromosomes,

Allele, Homozygous, Heterozygous, Genotype, Phenotype, Pedigree, Dominant, Recessive, Karyotype, Inheritance,

DNA, Nucleotide,  DNA Replication, RNA, DNA Fingerprinting, Enzymes, Genome, Double Helix, Protein,

Homologous Structures, Analogous Structures, Vestigial Structures, Natural Selection, Fitness, Adaptation, Speciation,

Binomial Nomenclature, Cladogram, Phylogeny, Symmetry, Taxon
 
 
Course Units/Topics of Study
 
Scientific process, ecology, cell structure and function, cell transport, cell division, genetics, DNA & DNA technology, evolution and classification
 
 
 
Performance Objectives:

Strand

Objective

SCI Biology 01 - The Cell

A - Describe the role of energy in cellular growth, development, and repair.

SCI Biology 01 - The Cell

B - Compare the form and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and their cellular components.

SCI Biology 01 - The Cell

C - Explain the importance of water to cells.

SCI Biology 01 - The Cell

D - Analyze mechanisms of transport materials into and out of cells, using passive transport and active transport.

SCI Biology 01 - The Cell

E - Describe the purpose and process of cellular reproduction.

SCI Biology 02 - Molecular Basis of Heredity

A - Describe the relationships among nucleic acids(DNA, RNA), genes, and chromosomes.

SCI Biology 02 - Molecular Basis of Heredity

B - Analyze the molecular basis of heredity, in living things, including DNA replication and protein synthesis.

SCI Biology 02 - Molecular Basis of Heredity

C - Show how genotypic variation occurs and results in phenotypic diversity.

SCI Biology 02 - Molecular Basis of Heredity

D - Describe how meiosis and fertlilization maintain genetic variation.

SCI Biology 02 - Molecular Basis of Heredity

E - Understand the basic structure and function of DNA.

SCI Biology 03 - Interdependence of Organisms

A - Identify the relationships among organisms within populations, communities, ecosystems.

SCI Biology 03 - Interdependence of Organisms

B - Describe how populations are influenced by a combination of biotic (living) and abiotic (nonliving) factors.

SCI Biology 03 - Interdependence of Organisms

C - Analyze how the size and the rate of growth of a population can change.

SCI Biology 04 - Biological Evolution

A - Relate the components of natural selection to how a species can change over time.

SCI Biology 04 - Biological Evolution

B - Explain how gentypic and phenotypic variation can result in adaptations that influence an organisms success in an environment.

SCI Biology 04 - Biological Evolution

C - Explain the relationship between the environment and evolution in terms of the formation of a new species.

SCI Biology 04 - Biological Evolution

D - Predict how a change in an environmental factor (e.g., rainfall, habital loss, non-native species) can affect the number and diversity of species in an ecosystem.

SCI Biology 04 - Biological Evolution

E - Analyze how the evidence for evolution give support to the theory of evolution over time.

SCI Biology 04 - Biological Evolution

F - Analyze, using a bilogical classification system the degree of relatedness among various species.

SCI Biology 05 - Matter, Energy, and the Organization in Living Systems

A - Relate the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in terms of energy flow, reactants, and products.

SCI Biology 05 - Matter, Energy, and the Organization in Living Systems

B - Describe the role of organic chemicals important to living things.

SCI Biology 05 - Matter, Energy, and the Organization in Living Systems

C - Analyze the cycling of nutrients in ecosystems.

SCI Biology 05 - Matter, Energy, and the Organization in Living Systems

D - Diagram the energy flow in an ecosystem through a food chain.

SCI Biology 05 - Matter, Energy, and the Organization in Living Systems

E - Describe the levels of organization of living things from single celled organisms through ecosystems.

SCI Biology 05 - Matter, Energy, and the Organization in Living Systems

F - Identify the purpose, reactants and products of photsynthesis and cellular respiration.